Swiss Chard, Large White Ribbed

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Print This

Geography/History:
Heirloom chard is a leafy vegetable that makes a good alternative to spinach. Growing heirloom chard can be easier than growing spinach as it is better able to withstand higher/lower temperatures and droughts. As well as its value as a food crop Swiss Chard also has a very striking value as an ornamental plant and many times it appears in a gardens ornamental borders or ornamental pots.

Nutritional Value:

Swiss chard stalks are particularly rich in provitamin A or beta-carotene: this vitamin is essential for the skin, tissue and vision.

It is an excellent source of magnesium and iron, two nutrients often lacking in the diets of women, children and teenagers.

 

Sun:                              Full
Spacing:                      8″
Height:                        12″ – 18”
Optimum Soil Ph:    6 – 6.4
Days To Maturity:    68
Sowing Method:       Outdoors

Planting/Growing Tips:

Planting

  • Plant chard seeds 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost date. Continue planting seeds at 10-day intervals for a month.
  • For a fall harvest, plant chard seeds again about 40 days before the first fall frost date.
  • Before planting, mix 1 cup of 5-10-10 fertilizer into the soil for every 20 feet of single row.
  • Plant the seeds 1/2 to 3/4 of inch deep in well-drained, rich, light  soil. Space the seeds about 18 inches apart in single rows or 10 to 18  inches apart in wide rows. Sow eight to ten seeds per foot of row.

 

Care

  • When the plants are 3 to 4 inches tall, thin them out so that they are 4 to 6 inches apart or 9 to 12 inches apart if the plants are larger.
  • Water the plants evenly to help them grow better. Water often during dry spells in the summer. You can also mulch the plants to help conserve moisture.
  • For the best quality, cut the plants back when they are about 1 foot tall. If the chard plants become overgrown, they lose their flavor.

 

Pests

  • Leaf minor
  • Slugs
  • Aphids

 

Harvest/Storage

  • You can start harvesting when the plants are 6 to 8 inches tall. Cut off the outer leaves 1-1/2 inches above the ground with a sharp knife.
  • If you harvest the leaves carefully, new leaves will grow and provide another harvest.
  • You can cut the ribs off the chard leaves and cook them like asparagus.
  • The rest of the leaves are eaten as greens. You can cook them like spinach or eat them raw.
  • You can store chard in the refrigerator in ventilated plastic bags.

 

 

 

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