This is truly an heirloom as the Cayenne is known to be Pre-Columbian in origin. It is said to be named after the Cayenne River in French Guyana. First offered in the seed trade by Joseph Breck & Son in 1883.
These little hot peppers have it all: a lot of flavor, heat, and big doses of the antioxidant vitamins A and C. Vitamin A-rich foods promote lung health, and both A and C are antioxidants that neutralize free radicals in our body, important for the prevention of cancer. A phytonutrient called capsaicin, which is found in the seeds and ribs of hot peppers and is responsible for their heat, has been found to be a strong anti-inflammatory agent, helpful in digestion of fats, and effective against sinus infections.
Spacing: 12″ – 18″
Height: 12” to 18”
Optimum Soil Ph: 5.5 to 6.5
Days To Maturity: 70
Sowing Method: Start Indoors
Start seeds indoors about 6-8 weeks before your last frost date. Plant approx. 1/4″ deep in individual cells or 4″ pots. Be sure to keep them in a warm place so that the soil temperature stays above 75°. Provide plenty of light once seeds have germinated. Young heirloom pepper plants like it to stay warm and will develop well if kept happy.
Only transplanted after the seedlings have shown several sets of their true leaves and only once you are sure the outside soil temperature is consistently above 65°.