Fava beans are one of the oldest crops known, with their recorded cultivation extending into prehistoric times. A bean in name only, botanically the fava is a type of vetch. Like the bean, the vetch is also a legume but the vetch is a climbing or twining plant that prefers a cool moist climate and is even tolerant to a light frost, unlike the bean that thrives best in the heat of long and nurturing summer days.
Fresh fava beans can significantly increase your intake of folate, iron, manganese and dietary fiber, all nutrients that can benefit your health in a variety of ways.
Sun: Full Sun in spring and fall/ Partial Shade in summer
Spacing: 8 to 10 inches
Height: 2 to 6 feet
Soil Ph: 4.5 and 8.3
Days To Maturity: 80 to 90 days
Sowing Method: Direct, Outdoor
Heirloom / Open Pollinated Fava beans are hardy cool season plants that can tolerate some frost but do not tolerate heat (above 70°F) well. Direct plant Heirloom / Open Pollinated Fava Bean Seeds in spring as soon as soil can be worked, 1″ deep, 4-6″ apart, in rows 18-30″ apart, in full sun . Germination occurs in 5-10 days at 60-70°F. Thin Fava Bean plants to 8-10″. In mild winter climates, Fava Beans can be fall planted for spring harvest. Harvest as Snap Beans when Fava Bean Seeds in pods are the size of a pea. For shelling beans harvest when the Fava Bean pods are thick and well-filled with seeds, while the pods are still green. For dry beans, leave pods on Fava Bean plants until pods are dry, brown, and crisp, and beans are hard and rattle in pod.