BEAN, Lima – Burpee Improved (Bush)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Print This

Geography/History:
Although lima beans have been cultivated in Peru for more than 7,000 years, historians are unsure whether they originated there or in Guatemala. Soon after Columbus’ discovery of America, Spanish explorers noticed different varieties of lima beans growing throughout the South America, Central America and the Caribbean. They introduced them to Europe and Asia, while the Portuguese explorers introduced lima beans into Africa. Since lima beans can withstand humid tropical weather better than most beans, they have become an important crop in areas of Africa and Asia. Lima beans were introduced into the United States in the 19th century with the majority of domestic commercial production centered in California.

Nutritional Value:
Lima beans are a very good source of cholesterol-lowering fiber, as are most other legumes. In addition to lowering cholesterol, lima beans’ high fiber content prevents blood sugar levels from rising too rapidly after a meal, making these beans an especially good choice for individuals with diabetes, insulin resistance or hypoglycemia. When combined with whole grains such as rice, lima beans provide virtually fat-free high quality protein. You may already be familiar with beans’ fiber and protein, but this is far from all lima beans have to offer.

Growth Habit: Bush

Days to Maturity: 65  days

Sun: Full Sun

Height: 15-20  inches

Spread: 10  inches

Thinning: 6 inches

Sowing Method: Direct Sow

Fruit Size: 4  inches

Planting/Growing Tips:
Sow seeds 1-2 inches deep in very loose soil. Do not pack the soil down as lima beans have trouble breaking through heavy, thick soil. Germination takes 4-7 days. Seedlings can be sensitive to transplanting, so use biodegradable pots if starting your plants indoors. Space bush varieties 4-6 inches apart and vine varieties 8-10 inches apart. Rows can be spaced about 2-3 feet apart.

 

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